Prabuddha Bharata: Genesis
Swami Vivekananda fell on the world like a sword blade after his success in the Parliament of Religion in 1893. He naturally wanted an organization whose work would be at the vanguard of the spiritual wave he had raised. Thus came into being the Ramakrishna Movement. His fiery lectures abroad and his epistles to his acquaintances, inspired people everywhere. In Chennai his admirers started a journal, Prabuddha Bharata, or Awakened India. This in a short time would become the voice of this new organization, ‘to bring millions sunk in darkness, to the light of the Lord.’ In July 1896 the first issue of the journal rolled off the press. It is since being published uninterruptedly every month for the last 121 years.
Throughout Prabuddha Bharata’s journey, lack of funds was compensated by an abundance of noble motivation and love for Swamiji. After two years its editor Rajam Iyer passed away suddenly.
Swamiji, then resting in Almora after his nation awakening tour from Colombo, asked his English disciples, Captain Sevier and his wife to revive the journal. The Captain had a press, type and ink transported from Kolkata. The journal, which had missed a number, was now brought out from Thompson house in Almora town, with Swamiji’s disciple, Swami Swarupananda, as editor.
Captain Sevier was in the meanwhile, at the behest of Swamiji, looking for an ideal place, deep in the Himalayas, for the Advaita Ashrama. He finally found one in Mayavati in the district of Champawat, 6,400 feet above sea level. The journal with the press followed quickly. This was March 1899. Prabuddha Bharata continued to be regularly published, thanks to the monks and a few local people. It is staggering to imagine them faithfully working in stringent financial conditions, cold, rain, compounded with shortage of paper, ink, etc., and carrying materials on horseback from a long distance and then despatching the journal at the equally distant post office.
In 1914 a separate building was erected nearby exclusively for the journal and the press. As printing technology was improving, it was felt wise to shift the printing to a modern city, which would also help in timely despatch. Thus from 1923 the printing was done in Kolkata, while the editorial section stayed back. Manuscripts were unfailingly sent, despite wars, natural calamities, strikes, etc. This practice has remained unchanged till the present day.
The greatest role Prabuddha Bharata played was that of publishing the Ramakrishna-Vivekananda and Vedanta literature. Bit by little bit, a vast body of excellent spiritual literature, brought out tirelessly by sannyasins of sterling qualities, came into being. This literature is now published by Advaita Ashrama, which acts like a beacon light for millions of people the world over. The journal was also a recorder of sorts of the renaissance of Indian monasticism and religion that was now playing an active role in society.
While scientific thoughts were smashing superstitions and religious beliefs, amazingly, Vedanta philosophy was getting more resurgent by finding newer grounds for its expressions. Prabuddha Bharata brought out the common ground between philosophy and science. This was a direct boon to scores of philosophers, scholars and religious people all over the world. This also opened the door to the study of comparative religions, making fanaticism less pronounced.
Till now Prabuddha Bharata is just in the initial stage of unfolding itself, for as long as mankind seeks truth, this journal will fulfil the purpose it was meant for. For it derives its sustenance from the infinite world of consciousness, wherein is the source of all blessedness and peace.
Some Notable Papers Published in Prabuddha Bharata
Jadunath Sarkar (October 1928). “Indian Renaissance of the Nineteenth Century”. Prabuddha Bharata. 33 (1): 457-465.
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (August 2001). “How to Make India Strong?”. Prabuddha Bharata. 106 (8): 398-399.
Anant Sadashiv Altekar (June 1938). “Woman’s Place in Hindu Religion”. Prabuddha Bharata. 43 (6): 272-280.
Ananda Coomaraswamy (June 1936). “Sri Ramakrishna and Religious Tolerance”. Prabuddha Bharata. 41 (6): 268-274.
Arvind Sharma (June 2001). “Martin Buber and the Advaitic Experience”. Prabuddha Bharata. 106 (6): 302-303.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak (September 1904). “The Path of the Soul”. Prabuddha Bharata. 9 (9): 160-164.
Benoytosh Bhattacharyya (May 1934). “The Sublime Mahamaya”. Prabuddha Bharata. 39 (5): 228-234.
C P Ramaswami Iyer (June 1948). “The Future of Our Religion”. Prabuddha Bharata. 53 (6): 246-247.
Carl Jung (September 1931). “The Spiritual Problem of Modern Man”. Prabuddha Bharata. 36 (8-9): 377-384; 435-443.
Dilipkumar Roy (February 1928). “Romain Rolland on Ramakrishna and Vivekananda”. Prabuddha Bharata. 33 (2): 49-54.
Francis Xavier Clooney SJ (July 1988). “Sri Ramakrishna and His Message”. Prabuddha Bharata. 93 (7): 255-263.
Fritjof Capra (March 1978). “The Ways of Physicists and Mystics”. Prabuddha Bharata. 83 (3): 91-93.
G. K. Chesterton (October 1929). “The West’s Defence”. Prabuddha Bharata. 34 (10): 500-504.
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (December 2014). “Many Voices”. Prabuddha Bharata. 119 (12): 655-663.1